Armenia & The Armenians
INDEPENDENT ARMENIA AND ITS SUBSEQUENT ANNEXATION BY SOVIET RUSSIA
After defeating the Turkish army on the battlefield of
Sardarabad, Bash Abaran and Gharakilise, the Armenians proclaimed the
founding of the Independent Republic of Armenia, on May 28, 1918.
It was created from the total carnage and devastation which
prevailed in the immediate aftermath of WWI.
For the national colors of the flag of the Republic, it was
decided on the tricolor of Red-Blue-Orange horizontal bands: The Red
symbolizing the rivers of blood shed, prior to the liberation from the
unparalleled oppression, tyranny and butchery; the Blue standing for the
clear blue skies of the Fatherland; and the Orange symbolic of the golden
wheat crops grown on Armenia's soil.
This consecrated flag was the one and only Armenian national
flag, that ever came into being within living memory. It was recognized
on an international scale and which indeed, proudly fluttered over the
Armenian embassies in the various capitals of the world -- Washington,
London, Japan, Rome, etc.
The Treaty of Sevres was signed on August 10, 1920 which
stipulated that the Allied Powers recognized Armenia as a Free and
Independent state (Treaty Articles 88 and 89).
The Turks however, reached an understanding with Lenin in the
Kremlin, and in September 1920, a joint Russo-Turkish attack followed
against the tiny Armenian Republic, newly created out of the ravages and
ashes of WWI.
Subsequently a Soviet Republic was proclaimed in Yerevan, the
Armenian Capital, in December of 1920, with an area of not more than
30,000 square kilometers. The cession of the sovereign Armenian
provinces of Kars and Ardahan to Turkey was finally confirmed by the
Treaty of Kars (October 13, 1921). Curiously enough, this treaty also
stipulated that the Nakhichevan district, once an integral part of
medieval Armenia, but later extensively peopled by Azeris, should
be attached to the Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan. This district is now
entirely cut off from Azerbaijan by Armenian territory.
Similarly Karabagh, a patriotic Armenian region was cut off from
Armenia and left as an enclave within Azerbaijan.
From 1922 to 1936 Armenia formed part of the Transcaucasian
Soviet Federal Socialist Republic.
In 1936 Armenia was proclaimed a constituent Republic of the U.S.S.R.